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About this report
In this report, we use DNV GL’s Energy Transition Outlook to predict the expected impact of the Ten Green Transitions on ports. The DNV GL Energy Transition Outlook is a forecast based on our best knowledge of the current energy system and expected developments towards 2050. We forecast a rapid energy transition, but this transition is not fast enough to bring global warming well below 2°C by 2050. Globally, the share of fossil fuels in the primary energy consumption will decrease from 85% today to 56% by 2050 and fossil fuel use will reach its peak around 2025. In Europe, the share of fossil fuels is forecasted to be less than 50% but still significant.
In this light, a fully decarbonized port in 2050 is a challenge and thus we assume that ports in 2050 will not be fully decarbonized, despite their potential in terms of direct and indirect electrification.
DNV GL’s Energy Transition Outlook is a forecast that differs in methodology and results from Eurelectric’s Decarbonisation Pathways, which is based on a series of enablers to ensure that electricity is carbon free well before 2050. In the first phase of the study, Eurelectric developed three EU electrification scenarios towards 2050 that achieve 80%, 90% and 95% decarbonization of the main energy-using sectors: transport, buildings, and industry. In the second phase of the study, decarbonization pathways to drive the power sector towards carbon-neutrality well before 2050 at the lowest possible were analysed. Compared to DNV GL’s Outlook, Eurelectric’s Pathways include a higher share of renewables in the power mix by 2045 (around 80%) and a more limited role of fossil fuels.